NEW TAX AND LOWER LOAN LIMIT
The Government has introduced two new measures that will take
effect Saturday to temper sentiments and pre-empt a property bubble from
forming in the private residential market.
It said they will help to ensure a stable and sustainable property market.
The first is a Seller's Stamp Duty on all residential properties and
residential lands that are bought after Friday and sold within one year from
the date of purchase. The stamp duty will be applied at the standard ad
valorem stamp duty rates for the conveyance, assignment or transfer of
Housing and Development Board (HDB) flats will not be subjected to the stamp
duty as they are already subject to a minimum occupation period of at least
The Ministry of National Development (MND) said the objective of this new
tax measure is to discourage short-term speculative activity that could
distort underlying prices. It stressed that it is not targeted at the
purchase of properties for owner occupation or longer term investment.
The housing loan limit will also be capped at 80 per cent of the private
property's value, instead of the current 90 per cent. Loans granted by the
HDB for flats - including those under the Design, Build and Sell Scheme -
will still have a cap of 90 per cent.
MND said this is because HDB flats are already subject to other criteria to
prevent speculation and encourage financial prudence, such as minimum owner
occupation period and restriction on ownership to one flat per household.
Explaining the rationale for the measures, MND said there is a risk that the
market could overheat in the next few months, given the optimism fuelled by
the economic recovery and low global interest rates.
However, it noted that the current level of speculative activity is still
lower than what it was at the height of the property market boom. Overall
price levels are below the previous peak.
MND warned that any excessive exuberance will make the property market
vulnerable to the continuing risks in the global economy.
The Government described the new measures as "calibrated", saying it prefers
to take small steps early, rather than be forced to impose more drastic
measures after a bubble has formed.
It will continue to ensure that there is adequate supply of housing to meet
demand. Sites that can yield 10,550 private housing units have already made
available in the Confirmed and Reserve List of the Government Land Sales
(GLS) Programme in the first half of 2010.
This is the highest supply quantum in the history of the GLS Programme.